Feb 07.2024

IP65 vs IP44: Which is the Better Choice?

IP65 Protection Rating vs IP44 Protection Rating

What is an IP Rating?

Other IP Ratings and Applications

IP65 or IP44: Which is the Better Choice?

Outdoor lighting is vital for different reasons. Besides enhancing outdoor beauty, it also improves security and safety. Proper lighting lets you enjoy your garden or backyard while deterring intruders.


It's vital to invest in the right type of outdoor lights. These lights have an IP rating that indicates how well they withstand the elements. The rating shows whether the lights are weather- or waterproof.


Two of the most common ratings are the IP44 and IP65 protection rating. Before settling on either one, read on to see how the two compare and which is most suitable for your home.


IP65 Protection Rating vs IP44 Protection Rating


To work well, outdoor lights need robust protection against moisture, water, and dust. Before buying indoor or outdoor lights, confirm the IP rating.


The higher the rating, the higher the chances of your lights braving snow, wind, and heavy rain. Therefore, the IP65 protection rating performs better than the IP44 rating. It shows that the lights are weatherproof and suitable for use year-round.


Although indoor lights still have an IP rating, it shows the quality of the fixtures. For instance, bathroom lights should have a higher IP rating due to constant moisture.


What is an IP Rating?


The Ingress Protection (IP) rating measures the protection level against foreign objects and moisture. It shows the product or device is safe, and the higher the rating, the greater the protection.


Have you ever noticed an IP65 or IP44 rating on specific products? This desired mark shows the product underwent thorough testing by accredited, neutral entities.


The IP rating is like a badge of honor that vouches for the ability to deter foreign objects. It makes it easy for you to determine the product's strength and durability in some instances. Higher-rated products often last longer than lower-rated products.


An IP rating is also vital to ensuring safety. You can use an IP-rated product without worrying about its protective prowess.


Regarding lighting, the IP rating determines where to use the fixtures. Lights consist of various electrical elements that should remain sealed or protected. The rating depicts how well the light covers these components in different settings.


What Does the First Digit Mean in IP Rating?


The IP rating consists of two numbers, ranging from 0 to 68. For example, the first digit in IP65 or IP44 shows protection from particles like dust. It shows how well the lights resist solids and ranges between 0 and 6.


If the first digit is 0, it shows the lights offer no protection against foreign objects. These particles often land on the electrical conductors, damaging the lights over time.


If the number is 6, the lights offer total protection against particulates. The lights have a vacuum seal and can tolerate continuous airflow.


What Does the Second Digit Mean in IP Rating?


The second digit in the IP65 or IP44 ratings shows the device's resistance to liquids. It determines the protection level against high-temperature liquids, water jets, and moisture.


The numbers range between 0 and 9. If this number is 0, the lights may withstand solids but are not resistant to liquids or moisture.


If the number is 9, the lights can resist steam, high-pressure washes, and jet sprays.


Ideally, outdoor light fixtures should remain dry after heavy rain and storms. They should also withstand thorough cleaning.


With this information in mind, it's easy to interpret IP ratings. For instance, if you have to choose either IP65 or IP44 for indoor use, IP44 is more suitable for water- and dust-free areas.


IP64 lights are suitable for areas without prolonged water exposure. They can withstand water splashes and dust.


IP65 lights are perfect for bathrooms as they resist water sprays and dust. However, they are not fully waterproof.


Other IP Ratings and Applications


When selecting light fixtures, it helps to understand the IP ratings and the best places to use each one. Ensure you assess the lower and upper ratings to identify the right type.


In rare cases, the IP rating may be a letter X rather than a number. IPX shows that the manufacturer couldn't establish the product's protection level. IP6X guarantees its resistance to solids, but moisture resistance is unclear.


Some manufacturers go the extra mile, following the IP rating with a letter. You may notice letters such as W, F, M, and H. They offer additional insight into the product's strength.


For example, F shows the light fixtures are resistant to oil exposure. W indicated the fixtures are weather-conditioned to handle various weather conditions.


H shows the lights are suitable for places with high voltage or electrical demand. S indicated the lights remain functional during stationary water tests. Lastly, M means the lights underwent a hydration assessment.


As you compare IP65 or IP44 fixtures, remember what these ratings mean to help you pick the right one.


You should opt for IP44-IP68 ratings when selecting safety lamps. If the lights are outdoors, IP68 would be ideal, as it can tolerate most weather conditions.


For path lighting outside your home, go for an IP65 rating or higher. The lights will face moisture, dirt, and dust exposure because of their proximity to the ground.


If you need garden lighting, opt for ratings of at least IP54 and above. IP54 is suitable for protected areas like your porch. However, if the lights remain exposed, go for the IP65 protection rating and above.


For waterproof lamps, the best options are IP65, IP76, and IP68. IP65 lights are waterproof and can withstand water sprays and rain, but not flooding.


IP67 can function in water about 1 meter deep, while IP68 is ideal where the lamp may be in deeper water.


IP65 or IP44: Which is the Better Choice?


Generally, a higher IP rating provides more robust protection. If you need outdoor lights, your best bet is the IP65 protection rating, as it's weatherproof and water-resistant. You don't have to worry about dust, snow, or heavy rain affecting the lights.